The Raven Journal poses a question with each emailed newsletter.
Question: What was the first year that Earth Day used the Internet as its principal organizing tool?
Question: What are the highest and lowest places in the 48 states?
Question: Which state was the last contiguous state to be admitted to the Union?
Answer: Arizona, which was admitted on February 14, 1912.
Question: In what year were the residents of Washington DC granted the right to vote in Presidential elections ?
Answer: In 1960, the 23rd Constitutional amendment granted the residents of DC the right to vote in Presidential elections. The amendment was ratified in 1961.
Question: At Earth's equator, the speed of Earth's spin is about how many miles per hour ?
Answer: At the Equator, the Earth's spin is about 1000 miles per hour.
Answer: The Three Sisters are the three main agricultural crops of some Native American groups in North America: maize (corn), winter squash, and climbing beans. Read more about Three Sisters here.
Answer: New Hampshire has just 13 miles of saltwater coastline.
Answer: In general, deserts receive less than 10" of precipitation per year.
Question: What is the only country situated within all 4 hemispheres?
Question: The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of how many member states?
Answer: As of this writing, there are 28 member states. (February, 2019)
Question: What is the flattest state in the US?Answer: Florida, whose highest point is Britton Hill at 345' and whose lowest point is the Atlantic Ocean, is the flattest state.
Question: Alaska, at 71°50'N, is the northernmost state in the US. Can you name the second?
Answer: Minnesota is the second at 49° 23′ N.
Question: What is the most visited National Park in the United States?
Answer: With more than 11 million visitors in 2016, Great Smoky Mountains National Park sits at the number one spot.
Question: Who was president of the US when the Louisiana Purchase was made?
Answer: The Louisiana Purchase (about 828,000 sq mi) occurred in 1803, when Thomas Jefferson was our third president.
Question: The only Canadian Province that borders the Great Lakes is...?
Answer: The only province is Ontario.
Question: Russia, with 6,601,670 sq.mi., is the largest country in the world. Which country is second?
Answer: In terms of total area, Canada, with 3,855,100 sq.mi. is second. Antarctica, with 5,400,000 sq.mi., is a continent, but not a country. China is third.
Question: About how long is the world's longest above-water mountain range, and where is it located?
Answer: The Andes Mountains, located on the west coast of South America, is about 4300 miles long. It runs north to south through seven countries: Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, and Argentina.
Question: Which state, if it were a sovereign nation, would be ranked as the world's fifth largest economy?
Answer: California's 2017 Gross State Product was $2.747 trillion, surpassing the United Kingdom's $2.625 trillion Gross Domestic Product.
Which country is the world's leading producer of gold?
Answer: China (440 metric tons) leads the world, followed by Australia (330). Russia and the US are very close, with around 255 for Russia and 245 for the US.
Question: What are the two smallest countries in the world?
Answer: Vatican City is 0.17 sq. miles, and Monaco is 0.78 sq. miles. Additionally, Monaco, at a population of over 38,000 is the most densely populated country.
Question: What is the largest island in Europe?
Answer: Great Britain (England, Scotland, and Wales), at 80,823 sq miles, is the largest. It is followed by Iceland (40,000 sq. mi.) and Ireland (32,595 sq. mi.).
Question: What is the southernmost state in the United States?
Answer: Hawaii, with a latitude from 18° 55′ N to 28° 27′ N.
Question: What are the top 3 longest river systems in the world?
Answer: 1. Amazon (Ucayali, Tambo, Ene, Apurimac) 4,345 miles, 2. Nile (Kagera) 4,258 miles, 3. Yangtze (Chan Jiang, Long River) 3,917 miles.
Question: The San Francisco Bay drains water from about what percent of California?
Answer: The Bay receives water from about 40% of California, primarily from these rivers:
Sacramento, San Joaquin, Petaluma, Napa, and the Guadalupe.
Question: The surface of which lake is actually the Earth's lowest elevation on land?
Answer: At 1,412' below sea level, the surface of the Dead Sea, which is by definition a lake, is the Earth's lowest spot on land.
Question: Which National Park has all 5 vowels (excluding y and w) in its name?Answer: Sequoia. PS - thanks to an observant reader who noticed that The Great Smoky Mountains has all 5 plus a y!
Question: About how long is the Appalachian Trail?
Answer: The trail is about 2,200 miles long.
Question: The city of Rugby claims to be the geographic center of North America. In which state or province is it located?
Answer:Rugby, North Dakota
Question: Which state has the highest and which has the lowest population in the U.S.?
Answer: California (approx. 39,537,000) and Wyoming (approx. 579,000).
Question: Can you name all of the original 13 colonies?
Answer: Using the state names as we know them today: New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia.
Question: What are the two most abundant elements in the earth's crust?
Answer: Oxygen 46.6%, Silicon 27.7%, with Aluminum 8.1% and Iron 5% as the next two.
Question: Four state capitals end in the word "City". Can you name them?
Answer: Carson City, Nevada - Oklahoma City, Oklahoma - Jefferson City, Missouri - Salt Lake City, Utah
Question: Which state derives its nickname from having joined the US one hundred years after the signing of the Declaration of Independence?
Answer: The Centennial State: Colorado.
Answer: That president would be Theodore Roosevelt, in office 1901-1909.
Answer: Attu Island is the westernmost point of Alaska
Question: How many states does the Mississippi River either touch or run through?
Answer: The river either touches or passes through ten states: Minnesota, Wisconsin, Iowa, Illinois, Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkansas, Mississippi, and Louisiana.
Question: Where is the deepest river chasm (gorge) in North America?
Answer: Hell's Canyon along the Oregon-Idaho-Washington border is 7993' deep. The Grand Canyon, by comparison, is about a mile deep.
Question: What are the three largest islands (by area) in the world?
Question: Which U.S. state is known as The Prairie State, and which is The Land of Enchantment?
Answer: Illinois is The Prairie State, and New Mexico is The Land of Enchantment.
Question: In April of 1964, which two African countries merged to become Tanzania?
Answer: Tanganyika and Zanzibar
Question: Mesopotamia was a historical region whose name meant "between two rivers". To which two rivers does the name refer?
Answer: Mesopotamia was located between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers.
Question: Where is the largest land area in the U.S. retained by a Native American tribe?
Answer: The Navajo Nation has the largest reservation in the country. The reservation straddles the Four Corners region and covers more than 27,000 square miles of land.
Question: How many U.S. state names are only one syllable?
Answer: Only one: Maine.
Question: California contains the lowest place in North America: Badwater Basin in Death Valley. About how many feet below sea level is it?
Answer: Badwater Basin is 282' below sea level.
Question: Which state is known as the Gem State?
Answer: Idaho is the Gem State.
Question: Africa's most populous country is: Ethiopia, Nigeria, South Africa, or Egypt?
Answer: The most populous country in Africa is Nigeria (181,563,000), and the second most populous is Ethiopia (103,764,000).
Question: Which state has only 6 sides, all of which are quite straight ?
Answer: Utah is the state.
Question : About how long are the Rocky Mountains from northern British Columbia to New Mexico?
Question: Which of these countries is NOT on the Equator: Brazil, Australia, Kenya, or Indonesia?
Answer: Australia is not on the Equator.
Question: Canada is divided into 10 provinces and 3 territories. How many of these can you name?
Question: Mt. Etna, a stratovolcano in Italy, is one of the most active volcanoes on Earth. Do you know where in Italy it is located?
Answer: It is on the northeastern side of the island of Sicily.
In the Near East and northern Africa, the term wadi means: a. oasis, b. valley, c. plateau, d. mountain peak.Answer - Wadi means valley, and in some cases, it may refer to a dry riverbed that occasionally fills with water during a heavy rainy season.
Question: What is a narrow landform, with water on both sides, connecting two larger land areas called?
Answer: An isthmus.
Question: With which six states does Idaho share a border?
Answer: Idaho shares its border with Washington and Oregon to the west, Montana and Wyoming to the east (and southeast), and Nevada and Utah to the south
Question: Which river flows through 10 countries, more than any other river in the world?
Answer: It is called a caldera.
Answer: That state is Nevada.
Answer: The most abundant element in the earth's crust is oxygen.
Answer: That South American country is Chile
Answer: The Appalachian Trail (approximately 2,190 miles long) travels through 14 states, beginning in Georgia and ending in Maine.
Question: Can you name a canal whose construction began in Rome?
Answer: A canal whose construction began in Rome, New York, was the Erie Canal.
Answer: The southernmost place is Hilo, Hawaii.
Answer: The pole of inaccessibility (location that is the most challenging to reach due to its remoteness from geographical features that could provide access) in North America is about 7 miles north of Allen, South Dakota.
Answer: California's Death Valley:1. On July 10, 1913, a record high 134° F was recorded 2. Badwater Basin in Death Valley is 282' below sea level 3. With several mountain ranges between Death Valley and the ocean, it lies in a severe rain shadow and receives an annual rainfall of about 1.5".
Answer - Georgia is the largest state entirely east of the Mississippi River in land area, although Michigan is the largest if water is included in size.
Answer - The only state flag in the United States that is not rectangular is the state flag of Ohio.
Answer - As they are commonly referred to today, the 13 Original colonies are: New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia.
Answer - All 54* countries in Africa are in the African Union
*This includes all internationally recognized territories and states on the continent by the UN and the African Union.
Which is the largest Scandinavian country in square miles?
Answer - At 173,860 square miles, Sweden is the largest. Norway is second with 148,718, and Denmark is third at 16,576.
Which states have the lowest and the highest average rainfall per year?
Answer - Hawaii has the highest at 63.70", and Nevada has the lowest at 9.54".
What do the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn represent?
Answer - According to Wikipedia - “The Tropic of Cancer is currently 23°26′13.3″ north of the Equator. It is the most northerly circle of latitude on the Earth at which the Sun can be directly overhead. The Tropic of Capricorn is 23° 26′ 22″ south of the Equator. It marks the most southerly latitude at which the sun can appear directly overhead.”
Which state is home to the highest point (6,684') east of the Mississippi River?
Answer - Located in the Appalachian Mountains in North Carolina, Mount Mitchell is the highest US mountain east of the Mississippi River.
What is the course or direction of flow of most Russian rivers?
Answer - Most Russian rivers flow north, eventually into the Arctic Ocean.
What is the longest mountain range on the earth?
Answer - The mid-ocean ridges of the world are connected and form a
continuous mountain range over 40,000 miles long. The world's longest
above-ground mountain range is the Andes (4,300 miles long)
Which state has the highest mean elevation, and which state has the lowest mean elevation?
Answer: Colorado has the highest mean elevation (6,800'), and Delaware has the lowest (60').
The town of Rugby in which state is considered to be the "Geographic Center of the North American Continent"?
Answer: North Dakota